Business Team

2019 Payroll Changes

Christine Porras

Prepare now for the following payroll changes that will take effect on January 1, 2019, and also consider some actions to take before year-end.

Michigan Minimum Wage and Earned Sick Leave Act.

Social Security Wage Base. The 2019 wage base will be $132,900. The employee and employer match will be 6.2%. The maximum deduction will be $8,239.80 ($132,900 x 6.2%).

Medicare Tax. As in prior years, there is no limit to the wages subject to the Medicare Tax; therefore, all covered wages are still subject to the 1.45% tax. Wages paid in excess of $200,000 will be subject to an extra 0.9% Medicare tax that will be withheld only from employees’ wages.

Dependent Care Limits. The maximum exclusion from gross income under a dependent care program is $5,000 for an individual or a married couple filing jointly.

Health Flexible Spending Arrangements. The dollar limitation on voluntary employee salary reductions for contributions to a health flexible spending arrangement (FSA) is $2,700.

Health Savings Accounts. HSAs are for eligible individuals in a high deductible health plan. The maximum annual contribution that can be made to an HSA in 2019:

Individual: $3,500
Family: $7,000

Catch-up contributions: Individuals 55 and older can make additional catch-up contributions to an HSA until they are enrolled in Medicare. The additional allowable contribution is $1,000.

IRA Contribution Limits. The 2019 contribution limit for Simple IRAs is $13,000. The catch-up contribution for those age 50 or older by December 31, 2019, is $3,000.

401(k), 403(b) and 457 Contribution Limits. The contribution limit for these plans’ employee deferrals is $19,000. The catch-up contribution for those age 50 or older by December 31, 2019, is $6,000.


Christine Porras

Christine Porras

Payroll Supervisor

Christine Porras, CPP, is the Payroll Supervisor in the Consulting services department and leads the firm’s Payroll Services Group. Contact Christine via email at or call 989.793.9830.